One of the most beautiful reserves to the east of Haridwar, Rajaji National Park locates in Pauri Garhwal, Dehradun and Haridwar districts of Uttarakhand. Spread over 820.42 sq. km. of area, the park embraces the Shivaliks, in the vicinity of Himalayan foothills. It’s a haven for the nature and adventure lovers, who visit here to enjoy the real wildlife. It is located in transition zone between moderate western Himalaya and central Himalaya, which increases the species diversity and the viewing forecast. The park has large number of birds species like White-naped Woodpecker, Greater Scaup, Black-bellied Tern, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, Great Hornbill, Black-necked Stork, Northern Goshawk, Yellow-billed Blue Magpie, Snowy-browed Flycatcher, Scaly Thrush, Pale-footed Bush Warbler, Tytler’s Leaf Warbler, Rusty-flanked Treecreeper, Green Avadavat and Reed Bunting.
Rajaji National Park was founded in the year 1983 by merging three sanctuaries named as Rajaji (1948) Motichur (1964) and Chilla (1977), after the name of well-known statesman and freedom fighter Sri C. Rajgopalachariya, who was popular as ‘Rajaji’. He was the first and last Governor General of independent India.
Flora in Rajaji National Park
Flora in Rajaji National Park is snuggled between the Indo-Gangetic plains and the Shivalik ranges and Riverine vegetation, broadleaved deciduous forests, grasslands, scrub land and pine forests make the array of flora at these parks. Verdant jungles are home to vibrant wildlife in this park.
Some popular floras found in this park include:
- Amaltas (Cassia fistula)
- Rohini (Malollotus philippinensis)
- Palash (Butea monosperma)
- Shisham (Dalbergia sissoo)
- Sal (Shorea robusta)
- Sandan (Ougeinia Oojeinensis)
- Khair (Acacia catechu)
- Arjun (Terminalia arjuna)
- Baans (Dendrocalamus strictus)
- Semul (Bombax ceiba)
- Chamaror, (Ehretia laevis)
- Aonla (Emblica officinalis)
- Ber (Ziziphus mauritiana)
- Chilla (Casearia tomentosa)
- Bel (Aegle Marmelos)
- Kachnar (Bauhienia variegata)
Fauna in Rajaji National Park
The park has the biggest population of elephants and tigers. Other species of wild animals include:
- Bengal Tiger
- Asian Elephanta
- Jungle Cat
- Striped Hyena
- Indian Hare
- Himalayan Black Bear
- Sloth Bear
- King Cobra
- Barking Deer
- Rhesus macaque
- Wild boar
- Indian Porcupine
- Indian langur
- Monitor lizard
In addition, there are also some primates that include the Hanuman Langur and the Rhesus Macaque. Small mammals that are mostly found in park are the Indian Hare and the Indian Porcupine. Reptiles in Rajaji include Indian Cobra Pythons, Common Krait, King Cobra, and the Monitor Lizard. There are approx. 315 bird species that give a big visual treat to visitors. Peacock is found in abundance. Large number of butterflies and small birds are also observed that simply add beauty to this region. Some species of birds include Babbler, Rusty cheeked Scimitar, Chestnut-tailed Starling, Golden-spectacled Warbler, Drongo Cuckoo, Brown Hawk-Owl, Great Hornbill, Slaty Headed Parakeets, Red Jungle Fowl, Crested Kingfishers, Lineted Barbet, Black Hooded Oriole, Finches, Khaleej Pheasant, Thrushes and many more.
To thrill and experience the wilderness and the richness of species, one has to visit this place and explore the Shiwalik and Himalayan Ranges in Rajaji National Park.
Safari Activities and Timings in Rajaji National Park
Get full adventure and wildlife at this park! Elephant Safari in Rajaji is one of the best way to explore the striking forest, which is abode to approx. 500 wild elephants and a herd of deer, jackals, wild boar, leopards, bears and large number of birds. Jeep Safari is also available there to explore the wildlife of forest.
Nearest Attractions in Rajaji
Some nearest tourist attractions that are well connected from the national park include:
Haridwar- Only 9 Km away from Rajaji, this pilgrimage town is one of the beautiful places where Lord Krishna left his footprint on rock and filled with many holy temples. The place is very popular for Kumbh Mela, in which people from all over the world come to take a dip in holy water.
Rishikesh– The city is only 18 km from Rajaji, situated in the foothills of northern himalyas in India. It is popular as ‘The Gateway to the Garhwal Himalayas’ and enclosed by three districts named as Tehri Garhwal, Pauri Garhwal and Haridwar.
How to Reach
The Park is having several gates and easily accessible from Haridwar, Rishikesh, Mussoorie and Dehradun. Saharanpur, which is well connected by train to other cities of India, is also a point to reach the Mohand area of the Park within an hour by road.
By Air- The nearest airport is Jolly Grant in Dehradun (35km). From Jolly Grant Airport, daily 55 minutes flight from Delhi is available.
By Rail– The nearest railway station is Haridwar (24 Km), Rishikesh (18 Km) and Dehradun (56 Km).
By Road– The nearest route by bus or car is Delhi (220 km) and Lucknow (510 km) to reach the park. While, Chilla is only 8 Km far from Haridwar Railway Station that is very well connected to main cities and 24 Km from Rishikesh.
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India is known for its bio-diversity. Several kinds of flora and several species of fauna, make this country beautiful. In India, you can find a wide number of national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and lot more where you can watch the beautiful animals. In India, you can find almost every kind of animal. Tiger being the national animal of the country attracts most of the international tourists.
As tiger safari in India is one of the important aspects, Corbett national park has gained lots of attraction. People from different corner of the world, visit India for the marvelous glimpse of the tigers. Corbett national park is situated near the capital city and can be easily reached through personal cabs or trains.
Hailey national park was the first national park of India. Now it is known as Jim Corbett National Park. It was established in the year 1936. By 1970, four more national parks were established. As of July 2015, there are 103 national parks encompassing an area of 40, 500 km. Most of the tourists are attracted for the glimpse of tigers that can be easily found in the Jim Corbett national park in Uttarakhand, sariska tiger reserve and ranthambore national park in Rajasthan. For lions, one can visit Gir forest national park, which is situated in Gujarat. Kaziranga national park, which is situated in Assam, is famous for one-horned rhinos.
Advance safari booking in Jim Corbett is essential as only little number of jeeps is allowed inside the park. Booking tour packages and make sure, that you can enjoy safari, great stay and much more. You can find amazing resorts for stay. You can enjoy the picturesque beauty of the destination as the resorts are placed in beautiful proximity. The resorts are well maintained and have large, beautiful and spacious rooms. You can easily find a swimming pool, activity area, conference hall, restaurant and much more for spending leisure time. Even the rooms are equipped with all the facilities including television, air conditioner, mini refrigerator, hot and cold running water and much more.
For holiday in India, one can easily go to any of the wildlife destinations. India is full of different wildlife parks where one can seek accommodation and enjoy the serenity of the jungle. Do not forget to pick your binoculars while visiting the destination. Everyone should wear proper clothes and shoes. It is also important to listen to the guide, as he is well aware of the norms.
With the approaching sweltering summers, students and their parents starts looking for destinations. There are many places in India, which have beautiful climate, and free from constrains of city life. Family head towards hill stations to nurture the bond between the family members while relaxing, eating, sleeping and admiring the natural beauty.
Kashmir is all about divine beauty. The friendly people and the heartwarming hospitality add to the charm of this beautiful place. Pahalgam, Sonmarg, Gulmarg, are some of the beautiful destinations. Family tour packages in Kashmir offer comfortable accommodation, sightseeing, and much more.
Ladakh is something, which one may not have seen before. It is completely different from the other places in India. Known for pristine blue lakes, Tibetan monasteries and Khardung La Pass, which is the highest bike-able road in India, Ladakh is one of the unique destinations all over the world.
Needless to mention that Manali is exceptionally beautiful and one of the most visited tourist place of India. Indians as well as tourists from all across the world come to Manali to rejoice the beauty of the place. It is a perfect family escape, where one rejoices the beautiful moments with their loved ones.
Shimla is one of the best destinations where for holiday in India. For a comfortable stay amidst beautiful atmosphere, one can opt for Shimla. The mall road is free from vehicles, so one can roam around and shop the best products available. One can linger around the mall and eat the amazing food available. If you dedicated worshiper or an adventurist, then one should definitely visit Jakhu temple.
Known as queen of hills, Mussorie provides a refreshing holiday experience. It is a popular destination with varied flora. It becomes crowded in the summers, as it is one of the best summer holiday destinations, so it is better to book hotels in advance.
If you are a nature lover, then Ranikhet can be a good choice for you. It is one of the most ideal destinations for laid back holiday experience. One can go for trekking and enjoy the natural beauty of the place. Do not forget to try plum sauce or spotting the beautiful rhododendron flower.
You can book family tour packages, and visit the various destinations in India. The beautiful hill stations around the country, especially in the east, north and south are charismatic. So, if you love travelling, then don’t miss out these places.
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