One of the most beautiful reserves to the east of Haridwar, Rajaji National Park locates in Pauri Garhwal, Dehradun and Haridwar districts of Uttarakhand. Spread over 820.42 sq. km. of area, the park embraces the Shivaliks, in the vicinity of Himalayan foothills. It’s a haven for the nature and adventure lovers, who visit here to enjoy the real wildlife. It is located in transition zone between moderate western Himalaya and central Himalaya, which increases the species diversity and the viewing forecast. The park has large number of birds species like White-naped Woodpecker, Greater Scaup, Black-bellied Tern, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, Great Hornbill, Black-necked Stork, Northern Goshawk, Yellow-billed Blue Magpie, Snowy-browed Flycatcher, Scaly Thrush, Pale-footed Bush Warbler, Tytler’s Leaf Warbler, Rusty-flanked Treecreeper, Green Avadavat and Reed Bunting.
Rajaji National Park was founded in the year 1983 by merging three sanctuaries named as Rajaji (1948) Motichur (1964) and Chilla (1977), after the name of well-known statesman and freedom fighter Sri C. Rajgopalachariya, who was popular as ‘Rajaji’. He was the first and last Governor General of independent India.
Flora in Rajaji National Park
Flora in Rajaji National Park is snuggled between the Indo-Gangetic plains and the Shivalik ranges and Riverine vegetation, broadleaved deciduous forests, grasslands, scrub land and pine forests make the array of flora at these parks. Verdant jungles are home to vibrant wildlife in this park.
Some popular floras found in this park include:
- Amaltas (Cassia fistula)
- Rohini (Malollotus philippinensis)
- Palash (Butea monosperma)
- Shisham (Dalbergia sissoo)
- Sal (Shorea robusta)
- Sandan (Ougeinia Oojeinensis)
- Khair (Acacia catechu)
- Arjun (Terminalia arjuna)
- Baans (Dendrocalamus strictus)
- Semul (Bombax ceiba)
- Chamaror, (Ehretia laevis)
- Aonla (Emblica officinalis)
- Ber (Ziziphus mauritiana)
- Chilla (Casearia tomentosa)
- Bel (Aegle Marmelos)
- Kachnar (Bauhienia variegata)
Fauna in Rajaji National Park
The park has the biggest population of elephants and tigers. Other species of wild animals include:
- Bengal Tiger
- Asian Elephanta
- Jungle Cat
- Striped Hyena
- Indian Hare
- Himalayan Black Bear
- Sloth Bear
- King Cobra
- Barking Deer
- Rhesus macaque
- Wild boar
- Indian Porcupine
- Indian langur
- Monitor lizard
In addition, there are also some primates that include the Hanuman Langur and the Rhesus Macaque. Small mammals that are mostly found in park are the Indian Hare and the Indian Porcupine. Reptiles in Rajaji include Indian Cobra Pythons, Common Krait, King Cobra, and the Monitor Lizard. There are approx. 315 bird species that give a big visual treat to visitors. Peacock is found in abundance. Large number of butterflies and small birds are also observed that simply add beauty to this region. Some species of birds include Babbler, Rusty cheeked Scimitar, Chestnut-tailed Starling, Golden-spectacled Warbler, Drongo Cuckoo, Brown Hawk-Owl, Great Hornbill, Slaty Headed Parakeets, Red Jungle Fowl, Crested Kingfishers, Lineted Barbet, Black Hooded Oriole, Finches, Khaleej Pheasant, Thrushes and many more.
To thrill and experience the wilderness and the richness of species, one has to visit this place and explore the Shiwalik and Himalayan Ranges in Rajaji National Park.
Safari Activities and Timings in Rajaji National Park
Get full adventure and wildlife at this park! Elephant Safari in Rajaji is one of the best way to explore the striking forest, which is abode to approx. 500 wild elephants and a herd of deer, jackals, wild boar, leopards, bears and large number of birds. Jeep Safari is also available there to explore the wildlife of forest.
Nearest Attractions in Rajaji
Some nearest tourist attractions that are well connected from the national park include:
Haridwar- Only 9 Km away from Rajaji, this pilgrimage town is one of the beautiful places where Lord Krishna left his footprint on rock and filled with many holy temples. The place is very popular for Kumbh Mela, in which people from all over the world come to take a dip in holy water.
Rishikesh– The city is only 18 km from Rajaji, situated in the foothills of northern himalyas in India. It is popular as ‘The Gateway to the Garhwal Himalayas’ and enclosed by three districts named as Tehri Garhwal, Pauri Garhwal and Haridwar.
How to Reach
The Park is having several gates and easily accessible from Haridwar, Rishikesh, Mussoorie and Dehradun. Saharanpur, which is well connected by train to other cities of India, is also a point to reach the Mohand area of the Park within an hour by road.
By Air- The nearest airport is Jolly Grant in Dehradun (35km). From Jolly Grant Airport, daily 55 minutes flight from Delhi is available.
By Rail– The nearest railway station is Haridwar (24 Km), Rishikesh (18 Km) and Dehradun (56 Km).
By Road– The nearest route by bus or car is Delhi (220 km) and Lucknow (510 km) to reach the park. While, Chilla is only 8 Km far from Haridwar Railway Station that is very well connected to main cities and 24 Km from Rishikesh.
The Forest Department of Uttarakhand is said to have found the evidence of Snow Leopards inhabiting in six valleys of the state. As per Hindustan Times report, the department had conducted a 15-day survey in June 2015, in which traces of the endangered species of Snow Leopard were found in six out of 16 valleys in Uttarakhand.
According to Digvijay Singh Khati, thirty-nine pieces of evidences, including dropping and scats have been found and they will soon be sent for DNA analysis to determine the number of Snow Leopards in the region. Khati further stated that the state is hopeful with the findings; Uttarakhand is likely to be covered under the Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection Programme that includes 12 range countries, where this elusive big cat is found. “Through this project, we would be able to do better habitat management of the species” said Khati. It is to be noted that in 2013, 12 range countries, including India, Russia, Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, signed up for “Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection Programme” in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.
The traces of Snow Leopards were earlier recorded on camera traps in Gangotri and Nanda Devi. It is worth noting that Uttarakhand is among the five states, including Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh, where snow leopards have been spotted. However, the absence of a population map of the animals in state created a hurdle for its inclusion in the Project Snow Leopard launched by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change in 2009. In order to qualify, potential states had to identify the animal’s habitats and draft management plans, which the state was unable to perform. However, Uttarakhand this time has proceeded meticulously with professional approach and is hopeful to be included in Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection Programme.
According to WWF India, there remain as less as 4000 Snow Leopards in the world with only 500 in India.
India, the land of variety of flora and fauna has always enthralled people from different countries. Every year, numerous tourists visit India, for the impeccable wildlife destinations in India. For a wildlife getaway, far from the noise of the horns and tall concrete building, India is the perfect destination. There are more than 99 national parks, 40 tiger reserves and 450 wildlife sanctuaries where nestle wide variety of flora and fauna. Every nook and cornet of India embraces rich wildlife. Mentioned below are the top five places for an unforgettable wildlife safari.
Kaziranga national park
The one horned rhinoceros have attracted many people to the northeast part of the country. Kaziranga national park, situated in Assam, spread across 429.69 square kilometers has the largest population of one horned rhinoceros. Along with the giant rhinos, one can get a glimpse of elephants, bears, panthers and various other pretty birds.
Sunderban national park
Sunderban national park is located in West Bengal. The mangroves of the sunderban are famous for watching a tiger swimming in the water. Yes, if you have never heard of it, then it is the time to travel to the beautiful forest. The best time to visit the park in October to April as you can easily get a glimpse of the amphibian tigers.
Jim Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett National Park always tops the list when it comes to jungle safari in India. It is the best destination far from the crowd, but near the capital. People who have ever thought of adding a safari trip to their wish list ensures to visit Jim Corbett. Known for the presence of magnificent striped royal Bengal tiger, the beautiful national park is visited by many domestic as well as international tourists. Other than tiger, one can come across tusker elephants, peacock, crocodile and many more. Safari booking in jim Corbett can be done online.
Ranthambore national park
Ranthambore national park is stretched across 1334 kilometers and known for the presence of tigers. Tigers are the main attractions, though one can even get glimpse of sloth bears, wild boars, sambar, and many more other species. Many wildlife photographers come from different corners of the world to get beautiful pictures of tigers resting in their natural habitat.
Gir national park
Gir national park is one of the most well known national parks and home to the populace of Asiatic Lions. Along with the lions, the park inhabits 32 species of mammals, 300 species of birds and 26 species of reptiles. Hence, it is bestowed with rich biodiversity and responsible for increasing number of visitors in the park. The best time to visit the national park is from October to May.
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India is known for its bio-diversity. Several kinds of flora and several species of fauna, make this country beautiful. In India, you can find a wide number of national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and lot more where you can watch the beautiful animals. In India, you can find almost every kind of animal. Tiger being the national animal of the country attracts most of the international tourists.
As tiger safari in India is one of the important aspects, Corbett national park has gained lots of attraction. People from different corner of the world, visit India for the marvelous glimpse of the tigers. Corbett national park is situated near the capital city and can be easily reached through personal cabs or trains.
Hailey national park was the first national park of India. Now it is known as Jim Corbett National Park. It was established in the year 1936. By 1970, four more national parks were established. As of July 2015, there are 103 national parks encompassing an area of 40, 500 km. Most of the tourists are attracted for the glimpse of tigers that can be easily found in the Jim Corbett national park in Uttarakhand, sariska tiger reserve and ranthambore national park in Rajasthan. For lions, one can visit Gir forest national park, which is situated in Gujarat. Kaziranga national park, which is situated in Assam, is famous for one-horned rhinos.
Advance safari booking in Jim Corbett is essential as only little number of jeeps is allowed inside the park. Booking tour packages and make sure, that you can enjoy safari, great stay and much more. You can find amazing resorts for stay. You can enjoy the picturesque beauty of the destination as the resorts are placed in beautiful proximity. The resorts are well maintained and have large, beautiful and spacious rooms. You can easily find a swimming pool, activity area, conference hall, restaurant and much more for spending leisure time. Even the rooms are equipped with all the facilities including television, air conditioner, mini refrigerator, hot and cold running water and much more.
For holiday in India, one can easily go to any of the wildlife destinations. India is full of different wildlife parks where one can seek accommodation and enjoy the serenity of the jungle. Do not forget to pick your binoculars while visiting the destination. Everyone should wear proper clothes and shoes. It is also important to listen to the guide, as he is well aware of the norms.
Wildlife Safari in the core area of the national parks is always a relaxed and fun activity and it proves to be one of the best holiday ideas you can ever have. It is not only adventurous and thrilling but educational as well. Hard core wildlife lovers and researchers frequently go for these exciting activities. In order to make sure you avail the best out of this experience, take a look at a few things check here. It should keep your mind alive and fresh while going on a wildlife safari.
Respect Wildlife: Do not get down from the vehicle under any circumstances until and unless your guide gives you permission. It becomes tempting to capture that perfect photo. You will be best advised to adjust your camera to reach there. Do not disturb the wildlife and keep your voice at a low pitch and excitement level under control. Please remember that you are not in your own territory and animals have a better sense of smell than us humans!
Stay Safe and within your boundaries: Stay well within your confined limits at all times. Do not try to walk around the core area of the national park and even at the entry gates of the park. You need to be careful of wild animals.
There’s also animal spotting etiquette: While the guide and driver do their very best to help you tick off every animal on your wish list, it doesn’t always happen. So keep patient and remember that these wildlife parks and game reserves are vast and provide enough camouflage to the animals. Additionally, please bear in mind that others also have their wish lists!
Keep Those Gadgets Away: If you must carry your cell phone (the chances of getting a good signal are weak!), keep it in silent mode. Same goes for your camera and any other electronic device you might be carrying. The constant beeping can disturb animals and annoy your co-passengers. The only sound anyone would want to hear is those of animals and birds.
Pack Wisely: It’s okay to leave some books behind. You are on a wildlife safari after all, and not in an examination hall!! Pack light and keep only the essentials like binoculars, hat, sunscreen and a pair of sunglasses.
Dress smartly and modestly: You could experiment with colors other than khaki but try to wear clothes that are not too flashy or bright. Go for comfortable cottons that you don’t mind getting some dust on. Remember to layer up as per the weather condition.
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Luxury is one important aspect that people do not want to compromise with, and thus in India, you can find a good line of luxury resorts. But have you ever imagined a luxury resort in the jungle area? It is beyond imagination; however, it is true that anything can happen in India. You can even find a beautiful luxury resort in the midst of dense forest.
Jim Corbett one of the oldest and renowned national park in India known for magnificent tigers is visited by numerous people every year. People from different parts of the country and across the borders come to India to have a glimpse of the ferocious cats. To welcome the guests with warm heart, several amazing luxury resorts have been initiated amidst the jungle. People, who come for tiger safari in India, can have the pleasure to enjoy the serenity in a luxurious way. They can find a wide variety of facilities including television, tea and coffee maker, mini refrigerator, air conditioner and many more. The resorts include their own swimming pool, game court where you can enjoy playing badminton, volleyball, snooker, carom, etc.
If you are in for wildlife tour in India, then Jim Corbett is the best place where you can stay at peace. Luxury will not leave you in between and you can enjoy the best of the jungle experience lavishly. There are many resorts inside the area, namely, serenity Corbett resort, tusker trail Corbett resort, nadiya parao resort, the den Corbett, ahana resort, Corbett machaan resort, tiger camp, maple leisure resort and many more. In these resorts, you can find different facilities such as multi cuisine restaurant, internet facility, conference hall, activity room, doctor on call service, nature walk, bonfire in the winters and many more.
Tiger safari is inclusive in the packages. In the early morning, open jeeps are ready to pick the tourists. One needs to get ready by the time and reach the safari jeeps. Drivers and experienced guides will accompany tourists, so that the journey is safe. You can ask any question to the guide about the jungle and he will be happy to answer you. Through the safari, listen to the guide and enjoy a charming tour. With Corbett Dhikala, you can book the luxurious resorts in Jim Corbett. You can pick from the packages or customize your stay according to your needs. You can book your safari in advance as limited number of jeeps can enter the park.
Jim Corbett National Park lies in the nainital district of Uttarakhand. It was named after Jim Corbett who played a major role in its establishment. This national park is renowned throughout the globe for its tiger richness. Established in the year 1936, Jim Corbett national park is the most oldest and prestigious national park. It was the first to come under the Project Tiger initiative to protect Tigers.
Span over 520 square kilometers, the whole area comprise of hills, river belts, grasslands, lake, etc. There is a healthy population of tigers, elephants, dears and over 650 species of resident and migratory birds. It is an ultimate destination for wildlife buffs. It is the best place for tiger safari in India.
The park is divided into following five zones:
Dhikala zone– Dhikala is the largest zone and has numerous comfortable forest lodges. The zone is known for the enchanting natural beauty. One can come across Bengal tigers, elephants, deer, chital, culture, teal, dove and many other species.
Jhirna zone–Jhirna is important tourist zone and easy to access by tourists. There are amazing rest houses for wildlife lovers providing a sight of wild bear.
Bijrani zone-Besides Tiger, Bijrani zone is known for elephants, monkeys, tigers, chital and deer. Moreover, tourists can enjoy the view of beautiful birds flying high in the sky.
Durga devi zone– Durga Devi zone is the best place for bird watchers. One can grey headed fishing eagle, black chinned yuhina, maroon orile, and many other birds can be found.
Sitabani zone-This zone does not fall under the Corbett tiger reserve, it is the buffer area of the forest. It is famous for its temples, birds and sometimes if one gets lucky, one may spot a deer or elephant.
Safari tour packages
The safari tour packages will include jeep safari, elephant safari and canter safari according to your preference. One can take pleasure of jeep safari in all the zones, for elephant safari, one need to accommodate in Dhikala zone and Bijrani zone. Canter safari is done only in the Dhikala zone.
It is always recommended to book your safari in advance because only 30 jeeps are allowed inside the park at a time. Online booking of safari is available with the booking of the package. You can ask your operator to arrange advance booking of safari, so that one does not miss the exciting chance of spotting the most magnificent and royal animal on Earth.